Myopia ControlMyopia, or nearsightedness, is one of the most common eye conditions affecting both children and adults. Many people ask us if there is a cure for myopia, or anything that can be done, especially for younger patients. In recent years, we have learned that there may be a way to control or at least slow down myopia in children and teenagers. While there is no outright cure for nearsightedness, here at First Eye Care McKinney, we offer a number of treatments that can slow the progression of myopia. Many of these treatments aim to induce changes in the structure and focusing of the eye by reducing stress and fatigue, both of which are commonly associated with the progression of nearsightedness.
About Myopia Control
In the past, it was believed the only way to control nearsightedness was through properly dispensing contact lenses and glasses. If worn too long, contact lenses and glasses can contribute to symptoms of nearsightedness, especially if your prescription is outdated. However, now there are other ways to control myopia:
- Atropine eye drops - This type of medication has been shown to reduce the progression of myopia if applied once a day. It is important to keep in mind that it is not a cure. However, we have seen it control myopia in many patients, especially when used in conjunction with bifocal eyeglasses or contact lenses.
- Multifocal contact lenses - Multifocal contact lenses are specialty lenses that are characterized by different powers in different parts of the lens. They can help control myopia in patients who are nearsighted, farsighted, with or without astigmatism. There are also special Ortho-K lenses and distance-center bifocal contacts that can help with symptoms of myopia.
- Orthokeratology - Also known as Ortho-K, this is a unique method that uses a medical device similar to contact lenses while the patient is sleeping. Ortho-K puts gentle pressure on the cornea overnight, temporarily molding the outer layers and providing a “lens like” effect for the patient.
- Multifocal or bifocal eyeglasses - Some young patients may benefit from wearing prescription bifocal or multifocal eyeglasses. This myopia control method is especially appropriate for children with eye-muscle positioning known as Esophoria.
Some of the other, less effective methods of myopia control include rigid gas permeable contact lenses, changes in nutrition or diet, and vision therapy. If your child is showing early signs of nearsightedness, please contact First Eye Care McKinney today. There are numerous ways to slow its progression that we would be happy to discuss with you. We understand how important it is that your child has healthy eyes and vision, which is why we offer myopia control services. Give our McKinney office a call today to learn more or schedule an initial consultation.