Injuries and Infections

Regardless of how careful you are, there is a good chance you will face some type of eye injury or infection at some point during your lifetime. The human body is susceptible to many different viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi, all of which are capable of attacking the surface or interior of the eye. This means that eye infections usually occur when these harmful microorganisms invade a part of the eyeball or its surrounding area. This can include the front surface of the eye (cornea), the membrane lining the outer eye, or the inner eyelids (conjunctiva).

About Common Eye Infections

Some of the most common symptoms of an eye infection include:

  • Red eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Pain
  • Swollen eyes
  • Eye discharge
  • Watery eyes
  • Dry eyes
  • Itching
  • Blurred vision

The best way to detect an eye infection is by visiting your Optometrist for a comprehensive eye exam at least once per year.

Some of the most common eye infections include:

  • Pink Eye - Also referred to as conjunctivitis, this is the most common - and highly contagious - eye infection. Often spread among children, pink eye can have either viral or bacterial origins.
  • Viral Eye Infections - There are a handful of viral eye infections - called viral keratitis - you should be aware of, ocular herpes.
  • Fungal Keratitis - This type of eye infection most commonly affects contact lens wearers, as it is linked to contact lens solution, in some cases.
  • Acanthamoeba Keratitis - Individuals who wear contact lenses are at risk of encountering parasites that can invade the eye and cause this type of infection. This is why it is so important for contact lens wearers to take extra safety precautions, such as washing their hands and never swimming with contacts.
  • Trachoma - This is a relatively uncommon eye infection here in the United States, but it is the leading cause of blindness in underdeveloped regions of the world, so worth mentioning. Trachoma is spread through flies in unsanitary environments, resulting in an infection of the inner eyelid.
  • Endophthalmitis - This type of infection takes place when the eye’s interior is affected, which could lead to blindness if left untreated. In some rare cases, endophthalmitis is a rare complication of eye surgery.

Common Eye Injuries

Some of the most common conditions associated with an eye injury and trauma include:

  • Scratched eye (Corneal Abrasion)
  • Foreign objects in the eye
  • A caustic foreign substance in the eye
  • Eye swelling
  • Subconjunctival hemorrhages
  • Traumatic iritis
  • Orbital blowout

If you have suffered an injury to your eye, or if you believe you may have an eye infection, please contact First Eye Care McKinney today and schedule an appointment.